Male Infertility and Artificial Insemination at our Edison, New Jersey Practice

Research has shown that sperm abnormalities may be responsible for nearly half of all infertility cases. The causes for such defects vary greatly, from surgery and diseases to preventable causes like tightly fitting underwear and smoking cigarettes. Since low sperm count accounts for the majority of male infertility, artificial insemination is a successful treatment for most of our Edison, New Jersey patients. The following information serves to outline the most common causes and treatments for male infertility.

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Male Infertility Causes

Thermal Exposure

Sperm development requires a very specific temperature; when the scrotum and testes are heated for long periods of time, a low sperm count and male infertility may result. New Jersey patients who visit our Edison practice should examine their everyday activities to determine whether they are exposing their sperm to raised temperatures. Some common sources of extended heat exposure are:

Because the body is constantly producing new sperm, male infertility due to thermal exposure can usually be reversed simply by changing your behavior.

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Testicular Surgery or Trauma

Male infertility is often caused by previous surgery to the testes, vas deferens, or other structures related to testicular blood supply. Other types of non-surgical trauma, including injuries sustained in sports or accidents, can also disrupt the delicate tissue of the testes. If surgery or physical trauma has impaired sperm function, Dr. Daiter may be able to perform reconstructive surgery to restore function and fertility. Artificial insemination, available at our Edison, New Jersey facility, often aids in conception if the physical path of sperm has been impeded.

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Disease and Infection

Two different kinds of damage can be caused by venereal disease, mumps orchitis, and infections of the testes and epididymis. First, inflammation can damage tissue and retard the production of sperm. In addition, the dead tissue and fluid created by infection may increase so-called “oxygen free radicals” that further impair remaining sperm. During your treatment with Dr. Daiter, he will run a full set of diagnostic tests to determine if your male infertility is being caused by such an infection.

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Testicular Cancer

Men who contract testicular cancer tend to have a lower sperm count than their healthy counterparts. After chemotherapy or radiation, sperm counts can drop even lower. You may need to wait for up to five years to resume normal levels of sperm production. If you wish to conceive in the meantime, various methods of artificial insemination may be of service. Contact the New Jersey Center for Fertility to schedule and initial consultation with Dr. Daiter.

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Outflow Tract Abnormalities

As sperm travels from the testes to the end of the penis, the final stages of development take place. As a result, any irregularities along this path can have a dramatic impact on the quality and health of sperm.

Some of these abnormalities are:

As with other infections, epididymitis needs to be treated before fertility can be regained. The other outflow tract problems can generally be solved with surgery or artificial insemination procedures. Contact Dr. Eric Daiter’s fertility center today to schedule a consultation.

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Male Infertility Treatment

To solve male infertility, Edison, New Jersey doctor Eric Daiter first pinpoints the cause of the problem so it can be treated specifically. He will conduct a detailed fertility history to learn more about any prior pregnancies you may have achieved with this or past partners. A medical history is also important, as past surgeries involving hernia repair or the scrotal sac could have an effect on current fertility.

Finally, Dr. Daiter will ask you to sum up the details of your current lifestyle and activities. Do you sit for long periods of time or otherwise expose your testes to increased temperatures? Are you taking any medications that would retard sperm development? After the analysis is complete, Dr. Daiter will have a better idea of the factors causing your male infertility and can recommend the appropriate treatment, such as artificial insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

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Artificial Insemination

Practiced for nearly 100 years, artificial insemination has long been the trusted standard in aiding conception. Thanks to recent advances in both technology and knowledge of the human body, artificial insemination is still an important part of 21 st century fertility treatment at our Edison, New Jersey practice. Artificial insemination is an excellent choice for men who have a low sperm count, or those whose sperm have poor motility (movement ability).

Intrauterine insemination, or IUI, is the most commonly practiced form of artificial insemination. To prepare for this procedure, Dr. Daiter will most likely put your partner on fertility medications to ensure that she releases several fertile eggs at once. Once ovulation has occurred, you will provide a sperm sample, which will be concentrated in a procedure known as “washing.” Dr. Daiter will place the concentrated sperm directly into the uterus, where it will have the opportunity to fertilize the eggs. Your partner can take a pregnancy test about two weeks after artificial insemination. To learn more, contact our Edison practice today to schedule a consultation.

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Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI, is a form of in vitro fertilization (IVF) that was introduced in 1992 to aid conception in males with extremely low sperm counts and those with damaged vas deferens.

Once eggs have been released by the ovaries, they are carefully removed by Dr. Daiter so they can be individually injected with sperm. The fertilized eggs are set aside for two to five days so they can mature into embryos; when ready, two to four embryos will be implanted into your partners uterus to mature and grow. Any additional embryos created by this process can be frozen for a future cycle.

Every case of male infertility is slightly different. Researchers have found many more effective treatments for infertility than can be discussed here. The best way to find out what’s right for you is to have a one-on-one conversation with a male infertility specialist like Dr. Daiter. If you would like to learn more about the causes of male infertility and the treatments available to you, such as artificial insemination, email the Edison practice of Dr. Eric Daiter today. A friendly staff member will contact you shortly to speak with you.

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How Can I help You?

Dr Eric Daiter has 20 years of experience as an infertility expert and he has seen which treatments work best for different situations. If you have a fertility problem, Dr Eric Daiter would be happy to help you (either as a second opinion or a new patient + in the office or on the telephone). It is easy, just call us at 908 226 0250 to set up an appointment (leave a message with your name and number if we are unable to get to the phone and someone will call you back).


"I always try to be available for my patients since I do understand the pain and frustration associated with fertility problems or endometriosis."


"I understand that the economy is very tough and insurance companies do not cover a lot of the services that might help you. I always try to minimize your out of pocket cost while encouraging the most successful and effective treatments available."